A Phosphine Oxide-Functionalized Cyclam as a Specific Copper(II) Chelator
Marie M. Le Roy, Simon Héry, Nathalie Saffon-Merceron, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, Thibault Troadec*, and Raphaël Tripier*
Inorg. Chem. 2023, 62, 21, 8112–8122, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.3c00329
Although cyclam-based ligands are among the strongest copper(II) chelators available, they also usually present good affinity for other divalent cations [Zn(II), Ni(II), and Co(II)], with no copper(II)-specific cyclam ligands having been described so far. As such a property is highly desirable in a wide range of applications, we present herein two novel phosphine oxide-appended cyclam ligands that could be efficiently synthesized through Kabachnik–Fields type reactions on protected cyclam precursors. Their copper(II) coordination properties were closely studied by different physicochemical techniques [electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) spectroscopies, X-ray diffraction, and potentiometry]. The mono(diphenylphosphine oxide)-functionalized ligand demonstrated a copper(II)-specific behavior, unprecedented within the cyclam family of ligands. This was evidenced by UV–vis complexation and competition studies with the parent divalent cations. Density functional theory calculations also confirmed that the particular ligand geometry in the complexes strongly favors copper(II) coordination over that of competing divalent cations, rationalizing the specificity observed experimentally.